Do you have more breakouts and acne flares when you’re stressed? You’re not imagining things, the connection between stress and acne is real, and is driven by a few mechanisms. How does stress cause acne? Here are 5 ways.
1. Sebum is a waxy substance produced by the sebaceous glands in the skin. This oily component of skin is implicated in acne, because together with bacteria and dead skin cells, it clogs the hair follicles, which can cause breakouts. When someone is under stress, particularly emotional stress, the cells that produce sebum are upregulated, causing them to produce more oil, accentuating the problem.
2. Sebaceous glands are part of the immune system and can become inflamed. Acne is an inflammatory condition. Stress stimulates an immune response, worsening inflammation, which can lead to acne flares in someone who already suffers from acne. It won’t, however cause acne in someone who doesn’t already have it.
3. It’s not just acute stress that can exacerbate acne, chronic stress is also an issue due to its effect on the immune system. People under constant stress for prolonged periods of time, may find that their breakouts last much longer than normal. The deleterious effect stress has on immune function impedes healing.
4. Stress also negatively affects nerve signaling, which can cause itching. Itching leads to scratching, which can irritate skin that is already inflamed. Most of us are also a lot more fidgety when we’re stressed. This can cause people to pick and pop their blemishes, exacerbating the problem.
5. Acne can be worsened indirectly by stress, as well, because people are less likely to stick to a consistent skincare routine when they’re stressed. They also don’t sleep as well, or long enough, along with paying less attention to what they’re eating.
What Is Stress?
Stress is the result of any demand that is placed on the body. It comes in many forms. Even happy events like weddings and the birth of a baby can be stressful due to its impact on the body. Working too much, strained relationships, financial problems, poor nutrition, environmental stress, lack of self-care, and ill health all cause stress.
Chronic stress causes a fight or flight reaction in the body, causing stress hormones like adrenaline and cortisol to be released. This stress response can lead to blood sugar imbalances, a racing heart, an inability to fall asleep or stay asleep, anxiety, tight muscles, hormone disruption, and can negatively impact neurotransmitters. Stress also exacerbates inflammation.
Many people, especially mothers who are also managing careers, can find themselves stuck in this stress response for years. This can have profound effects on all bodily systems, including the skin. Finding ways to manage stress is key.
Life will always be stressful to some extent. Finding ways to manage stress is vital for optimal mental, physical, and emotional health. Engage in stress-reduction techniques that resonate with you. Here are a few ideas:
- Hobbies that bring you pleasure
- Walking your dog
- Nutrient-dense meals
- Gentle stretching
- Epsom salt baths
- Reading a good book
- Red light therapy
- Listening to relaxing music
- Hiking in nature
- Talking with a good friend who listens
- Saying no to things you don’t want to do
Expressing your feelings in a non-confrontational way is one of the best stress reducers out there. Cultivate relationships with safe people that will listen and validate your feelings without judgement.
Short Term Relief
If you’re in a stressful period in your life and it’s showing on your skin, you can use remedies for acne, such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, or retinoids. Benzoyl peroxide is good for eliminating dead skin cells, reducing redness, unclogging pores and releasing the buildup of sebum. It can be used as a cleanser or as an acne treatment face cream.
Retinoins, such as Retin-A and retinol are used for acne and breakouts. Retin-A is a commonly prescribed medication that has been used for decades to treat acne, including whiteheads and blackheads. Tretinoin is the brand name of Retin-A, and you must have a prescription to order it. You can use Retin-A or retinol in conjunction with benzoyl peroxide to eliminate the bacteria that causes acne.
Retinol, on the other hand, is an over-the-counter retinoid that stimulates cell turnover, improves skin tone, and reduces the appearance of fine lines and pigmentation. Retinol isn’t as strong as Retin-A, but it’s also not as irritating, and won’t cause as much redness and peeling. It can be used as a serum or moisturizer.
Differin gel contains the retinoid, adapalene, and works to clear acne by unclogging pores, reducing redness and decreasing inflammation. 0.1% prescription strength gel can be purchased-over the-counter.
Products that contain salicylic acid can be helpful for acne because they remove oil and unclog pores. Salicylic acid prevents skin cells from sticking together, increases moisture, while reducing pore size. You can use it as a daily face wash or as exfoliating pads to quell a breakout.
[Read More: The Benefits of Retinol]
Stress can make skin conditions worse by increasing oil production and inflammation. It also decreases the likelihood that people will adhere to a healthy lifestyle, including getting proper nutrition, sleeping soundly, and sticking to their normal skincare routine.
Stress management is key to lessening the effects that both acute and chronic stress can have on the skin. Find techniques unique to you that calm your nervous system and promote feelings of peace. You’ll be happy you did when you begin to notice the favorable effects it has on your skin.
Have you noticed the connection between acne flares and stress? Let me know in the comments:)